Famous Floods in Weather History
The worst floods in the USWhat are some famous floods in US weather history? Find out several facts about the most damaging floods that have happened throughout the United States.
Floods have long ravaged part of the United States for a long time. Prime time for flooding is after winter during the snow melt as well as other times of the year. Floods can be very dangerous, and it's good to look at past floods to learn what can be done better in order to protect people and their property. A lot of floods in the past may have had less loss of life had they had the technology and knowledge we have today, so it's a steady progression throughout time as we learn what can be done better. So what are some of the most famous floods in the United States? Let's see what they are.
The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927
Out of all the damaging floods in the history of the United States, this was by far the most destructive in its power. Heavy rain pounded areas located on the Mississippi River in April of 1927 and this caused the water levels to rise, and the levees to be compromised. The rain lasted for over 18 hours and affected the states of Illinois, Arkansas, Kentucky, Kansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. It killed nearly 300 people and caused over 400 millions in damage.
There are still stories being passed down this day of the raging Mississippi River during that time. To this day, no other flood in the US has surpassed the damage and destruction that it caused. It affected a large area (almost 30,000 square miles), and nearly 700,000 people had to find a new place to call home. However, many things were learned from this flood. Better levee systems were put in place, and lessons were learned.
This flood is also called the Great Flood of 1889 occurred on May 31st of that same year. After heavy rains, the South Fork Dam (which was located upstream from Johnstown) failed which rushed down the valley into the town of Johnstown clearing everything in its path. The water rose to as much as 60 feet high and most people did not have enough time to escape the raging wave coming at them.
The water rushed into the town filled with debris and oily water trapping and killing people. Even though the flood ended in just 10 minutes, it caused a lot of damage quickly and even afterwards, there were fires and people trapped. It killed over 2,000 people and hundreds of people could not even be identified. It took the town of Johnstown several years to recover from the flood.
Mississippi Flooding of 1937
As you have seen from the first famous flood on this page, the Mississipi River basin has seen many floods occur over the past 100 years. In 1937 yet another flooding event occurred which was caused by excessive rain and frozen ground making runoff easier to flow into the rivers. It affected many states from Louisiana all the way up to West Virginia. Over 1,000 people died in this flood.
Great Flood of 1993
One of the more recent destructive floods was the Great Flood of 1993. It involved the Missouri and Mississipi Rivers and affected areas all along these areas. There was more rain than usual during the summer of 1993, and combined with lots of snow melt from the 1992-1993 winter season, the rivers swelled to catastrophic levels. The hardest hit states were Missouri, Illinois, and Iowa. Other states affected were South and North Dakota, Nebraska, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Kansas. Over 52 people were killed in this flood with over 70,000 people uprooted from their longtime homes.
Red River Floods
The Red River of the North has had a long history of flooding. Read more about the Red River Floods.
As you can see, there have been many destructive floods to affect many areas of the United States. Places where there has been a history of flooding have learned from mistakes over time. And knowing mother nature, she will continue throwing out tests for people to overcome and learn from. It's always a good thing to be prepared if you live in a flood prone area, as they can happen quickly and without warning.
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