Famous Hurricanes in Weather History
Homework and School help on the Most well known hurricanes throughout time
Learn which famous hurricanes made their mark on weather history including some retired hurricane names. The weather has produced many strong hurricanes over the years.
There are many well known hurricanes throughout weather history which have become memorable in the minds of many Americans. Which of these natural disasters are the most famous?
There are quite a few storms which have had their names retired (Retired Hurricane Names), but which ones stand out the most among the destructive storms? I will give you my top 5 most famous hurricanes throughout US weather history (in no particular order)...others may disagree with my list of famous hurricanes but that's fine! ;)
This hurricane was a very powerful hurricane that hit the gulf areas of Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi. It was the strongest hurricane of the 1969 season.
It started in the Caribbean, hit western parts of Cuba, and then moved into the Gulf where it exploded into a powerful Category 5 storm (See Hurricane Categories). It is one of only 3 category 5 storms to hit the US coast. Once it hit the gulf coast, it destroyed nearly everything along the coast with its strong winds and 24 ft storm surge. 259 people died as a direct result of the storm and it caused what would be 1.4 billion dollars in damage (2010 USD)
The storm also caused damage and deaths as it moved inland with flooding and heavy rain. The highest winds recorded for the storm were 190 MPH, and the lowest pressure recorded for the storm was 905 milibars.
This weather system formed in the Atlantic during the 1989 (September 9th) hurricane season and grew pretty quickly into a category 5 storm. It first hit the islands of Guadeloupe, Montserrat, St. Croix, Puerto Rico, and Antigua before making landfall as a category 4 storm. It was the most damaging hurricane in weather history at the time.
It caused over 17 billion dollars in damage (2010 USD) and 56 people died as a direct result of the hurricane. It's highest winds reached 160 MPH and the lowest pressure recorded for the storm was 916 millibars.
1900 Galveston Hurricane
This hurricane had no name since weather experts did not start becoming names until later on in the century. It was one of the most costliest and deadliest hurricanes in the history of the United States.
One of the main reason why the loss of life was so great was because many residents of the area were complacent. There were weather reports of the storm just slightly ahead of time, and a hurricane warning was issued from weather authorities, but many people did not take these seriously.
Storms had come in the past and the city survived ok so the residents thought they had nothing to worry about. Forecasting was difficult with many weather forecasters disagreeing on whether or not the storm would head their way, or recurve out to sea. when the hurricane hit, its winds were around 120 MPH which were strong, but the biggest damage came from the storm surge. Since the island was only about 8 feet above sea level, the 15 foot storm surge washed over the whole island of Galveston wiping homes off their foundations. Thousands of people were found dead after people were able to get access to the island mostly from drowning and/or being struck by debris from the homes being knocked off their foundations.
So many dead bodies were found that they eventually had to bury them at sea and even then, the bodies sometimes washed back ashore. The highest winds reached for the storm were 150 MPH and the lowest pressure from the weather system was recorded at around 936 millibars. I think this storm is pretty much on everyone's list of famous hurricanes.
Hurricane Andrew was one of the other very few category 5 hurricanes to hit the United States. People, especially of Florida, will always remember this storm as one fo the most powerful storms in weather history.
It hit the Homestead area of Florida after hitting the Bahamas in 1992. After hitting Florida, the storm also hit portions of the gulf coast although as a weaker storm. Due to improved weather forecasting and evacuations, the number of deaths were reduced, but 26 people still lost their lives as a direct result of the storm. Andrew was the costliest storm in US history causing over 40 billion dollars in damage (2010 USD)...that is until Hurricane Katrina hit in 2005. Andrew reached winds of 175 MPH and had its lowest pressure recorded at 922 millibars.
Out of all the famous hurricanes in weather history, Katrina is probably the one the people most recently remember. Is is the costliest hurricane in US history (over 80 billion in damage) and it was well known for the damage caused to the city of New Orleans. It was a very powerful weather system that exploded into a category 5 storm in the gulf (which many weather forecasters predicted), but weakening to a category 3 storm as it made landfall. As I stated before, New Orleans got the brunt of the storm simply because the city sits BELOW sea level. One of the levees broke around the city, and all hell broke loose. The causes and effects were devastating.
Water came rushing into many parts of the city (the 9th Ward got hit particularly hard). Parts of downtown were flooded and people who had taken shelter in the Superdome during the storm were stuck for days without air conditioning and running water. Food was eventually brought in due to rescue efforts.
Also, many people forget due to the damage caused in New Orleans, but the Mississippi and Alabama coasts were hit pretty hard as well. Tourism was affected greatly and areas like Mobile are still feeling the effects of the storm. Katrina's peak winds reached 170 MPH. It's lowest recorded pressure was 902 millibars (learn more Hurricane Katrina Facts).
Worldwide famous hurricanes
I will be adding a section on famous hurricances around the world soon. Stay tuned! Also check out well known Gulf of Mexico Hurricanes. Back To Top of Famous Hurricanes
Lightning strike on the Renaissance Center
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